The Martingale system is a betting system with negative progression, with which one can quickly make up for losses. The big disadvantage: In case of longer losing streaks, the Martingale system quickly leads to enormous stakes and reaching the table limit.
The Martingale system explained simply
The Martingale system is probably the best known of the gaming systems in the casino. The reason for this is that on the one hand it is extremely simple and can be used in several games and on the other hand it guarantees long-term success – in theory. Unfortunately, in practice the Martingale system cannot really keep its promises. However, this does not mean that the system does not work in principle.
Martingale strategy on the roulette wheel
The Martingale system is a negative progressive gambling system or in other words: a system with negative progression.
The system in the 18th century in the game “Pharo” and was later used mainly in roulette. The system takes its name from the French town of “Martigues”, whose inhabitants used to be considered somewhat naïve and so the name of the town became synonymous with a very daring game “jouga a la martegalo” and later “Martingale” stood for the said gaming system.
Across the board, “Martingale” also refers to an area of probability theory: “Martingale” is a stochastic process introduced by the mathematician Paul Lévy.
Martingale – the principle of the gambling system
How is the Martingale system played?
Let’s take a look at the Martingale strategy in an example. Let’s assume a player wants to use the Martingale system in roulette and chooses the simple chance “red” for his bet. The player is a beginner and feels his way slowly, with a small bet of 2 dollars.
In the first round, he does not win, so he has to double his bet to four dollars. The next time it doesn’t work either, he has to double his bet to eight dollars. Finally, the player is lucky, the ball lands on “red” and he wins. The player gets paid 16 dollars, but he has bet 14 dollars (2 + 4 + 8) – so his net win is only two dollars. After the win, the player starts his progression again with 2 dollars – until the next win.
This system could be continued indefinitely, were it not for the table limits or the financial limits of the players themselves. After all, who can bet arbitrarily high amounts just to make up for their losses? Moreover, you should always set your own limit before playing and stick to it – for this reason alone, the Martingale system fails in the long run.
It is the same with the table limits in online casinos, but also in brick-and-mortar casinos. Even if you play at a table with a limit of 1,000 dollars, this limit is reached after ten rounds of losses with a starting stake of 10 dollars.
Last but not least, there is the probability that throws a spanner in the works of the Martingale system. In a casino, the odds are always with the bank, regardless of the game. In roulette this is even quite obvious, because here there is still the 0 and sometimes even the 00, which quickly turn a 50-50 chance into a 48.65% chance.
The Martingale System for Blackjack
The Martingale system is most often used in roulette, but it can also be used in blackjack and slot machines.
Martingale system in Blackjack
If you want to use the Martingale system in Blackjack, it works in exactly the same way as in Roulette: you double your bet after each losing hand. After each win, you start again with the original bet. It’s that simple, and that dangerous.